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Understanding TDS on Securities Transaction in Your Demat Account

In the bustling world of investments, where every transaction counts, understanding the implications of taxes is crucial. One such aspect is the Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) on securities transactions in your Demat account. For the investor, navigating through the intricacies of TDS can be daunting. However, before planning investments and demat account opening online, gaining the right knowledge can help make it manageable.

What is TDS on Securities Transactions?

TDS on securities transactions is the mechanism through which the government collects taxes at the time of the transaction itself. It applies to various transactions involving securities such as stocks, IPO, mutual funds, bonds, debentures, and more. The responsibility of deducting TDS lies with the buyer or the payer of the securities.

Applicability and Rates

Apart from understanding various charges associated with securities, such as zero brokerage, long-term capital gains (LTCG) tax, etc., knowing about TDS is also crucial. TDS rates on securities transactions vary depending on the nature of the transaction. Here’s a brief overview:

  1. Equity Transactions: As per current regulations, there’s no TDS on equity transactions.
  2. Debt Transactions: For debt securities like bonds and debentures, TDS applies to the interest income earned by the investor. The rate varies based on the type of security and the residency status of the investor. TDS rates can range from 7.5% to 10%.
  3. Mutual Fund Transactions: TDS applies to mutual fund investments as well. The rates and applicability depend on the type of mutual fund (equity-oriented or debt-oriented) and the residency status of the investor.

Exemptions and Thresholds

Certain exemptions and thresholds exist, beyond which TDS is applicable. For example, no TDS is deducted on equity transactions. Additionally, there’s often a threshold limit for TDS deduction on interest income from debt securities. However, it’s essential to stay updated with the latest regulations and exemptions as they may change over time.

Impact on Investors

Understanding TDS on securities transactions is vital for investors as it directly affects their returns. Failure to account for TDS can lead to discrepancies in tax filings and potential penalties. Therefore, investors need to factor in TDS while evaluating the overall returns on their investments.

Documentation and Compliance

To ensure smooth transactions and compliance with tax regulations, it’s essential to maintain proper documentation. This includes keeping track of TDS certificates, transaction statements from the Depository Participant (DP), and other relevant documents. Additionally, investors must stay informed about any changes in tax laws and regulations to avoid any surprises.


TDS on securities transactions is an integral part of the Indian tax system, aimed at ensuring timely collection of taxes on income earned through investments. For investors, understanding the nuances of TDS is crucial for proper tax planning and compliance. By staying informed, seeking professional advice when needed, and opting for zero brokerage brokers, like Zerodha, Upstox, Groww, and m.Stock by Mirae Asset, investors can navigate through the complexities of TDS and optimize their investment returns.


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